Stone Types


The following is a practical and informative (we hope) summary of some of the different types of stones we use to manufacture our products. I am simply a rock enthusiast and not a geologist so if you are looking for technical information on stone types you came to the wrong place.

  • GRANITE - Granite is an igneous rock typically formed as a result of volcanic activity. It is commonly used for applications like countertops in your kitchen or monuments in a cemetery due to its strength and durability. The best reasons to use granite for garden statuary products is because it will last forever and it should appreciate in value as it ages. Some disadvantages of granite are that it takes many years of weathering to achieve a nice aged patina and it can get quite hot if it is in the sun.
    • Quarried - Some of the products we make come from granite that is quarried in 20,000 pound blocks and sawn, chiseled and carved to our specifications. These products will be fairly uniform in color, shape and size. A few examples of this would be our Charcoal Plume Birdbath, Gold Granite Bench or Granite Bridge.
    • Boulder - Granite boulders come in many sizes, shapes and colors and are collected from mountains, streams or fields. The outside surface of a boulder has a beautiful patina that is the result of hundreds or thousands of years of weathering. Some examples of our boulder products would include the Granite Boulder Bench, Granite Boulder Birdbath or Granite Boulder Lantern.
  • SANDSTONE - Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed when sand is bonded together by the minerals that percolate through it over thousands of years. The sandstone used in our products has been quarried since the 1800's and is very durable. Many homes, buildings, and bridges made from the sandstone we use are well over 100 years old.
    • Quarried - Some of the products we offer were quarried recently then sawn & carved into functional products for your garden. Examples of this would be our Copper Sandstone Bench.
    • Reclaimed - Some of the sandstone products we offer are made from stone that was quarried nearly 100 years ago. These stones may have been used as a foundation for a house, barn or bridge, the curbing along a road or a sidewalk. Whenever we have the opportunity to buy these stones we will often use them to make our Drilled Sandstone Planters, Sandstone Troughs, Candle Holders, or Custom Drilled Water Features.
  • JADE - Jade is a semi-precious stone, is harder and more durable than granite, and has incredible color and character. This pretty much says is all! The only undesirable features of jade are the price and the inclusions and hairline fractures that are inherent to this stone. These inclusions or hairline cracks do not affect the durability or functionality of the product.

The jade we use for our products is in the form of large boulders that are collected from rivers and mountains. Some of our items like the Typhoon table set are made from jade boulders where we leave the natural exterior of the boulder untouched. Other items like the Tsunami table set the jade boulders are sawn, chiseled and polished on all surfaces.

  • BASALT - Basalt is a very fine grained igneous rock similar in hardness and durability to granite. Basalt is always dark grey to black in color. The basalt we use for our products is more commonly referred to as columnar basalt because it is a 4, 5 or 6 sided stone that is columnar in shape. Each formation of columnar basalt is fairly consistent in diameter so if we are making a product out of basalt that requires some pieces that are 10" in diameter and other pieces that are 24" in diameter we need to acquire these from two different quarries. An example of this very situation is our Basalt Birdbath.
  • INDIANA LIMESTONE - Indiana limestone has been quarried and used as a building stone for nearly 200 years. Some of the more famous buildings made from this stone include The Pentagon and the Empire State Building. Indiana limestone is a sedimentary stone that is grey in color. Currently the only product we offer from this material is our Indiana Limestone Bench.
  • MARBLE - Marble is a metamorphic rock that begins life as limestone and over millions of years of heat and pressure the limestone becomes marble. While marble has been used in outdoor applications for hundreds of years we prefer use a more durable stone like granite, basalt, or jade whenever possible. Our main reason for using marble is because of the beautiful colors and patterns available. An example of this is our marble frog.